Usually are defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer limits its social or occupational activities.


Claustrophobia is one of the most common phobias. A typical claustrophobic will fear restriction in at least one, if not several, of the following areas: small rooms, locked rooms, tunnels, elevators. In such situations, the claustrophobic will do everything to go outdoors and enjoy fully the sense of freedom, the feeling of “fresh breath”. Claustrophobics are not necessarily afraid of these areas themselves, but, rather, they fear what could happen to them should they become confined to an area. Often, when confined to an area, claustrophobics begin to fear suffocation, believing that there may be a lack of air in the area to which they are confined.

Agoraphobia is defined as a morbid fear of having a panic attack or panic-like symptoms in all situations (indoors or outdoors space) from which it is perceived to be difficult (or embarrassing) to escape (e.g. a bridge, a long tail or highway).