The psychosomatic disorders can be considered real diseases that involve damage to the organic level and that are caused or aggravated by emotional factors.

Psychosomatic symptoms involve the autonomoic nervous system and provide an autonomic response to situations of mental illness or stress. Negative emotions such as resentment, regret and concerns can keep the autonomic nervous system (sympathetic system) in a state of excitement and the body in a state of continue emergency, sometimes for a longer time than the ‘body can withstand. The thoughts are too painful, therefore, can maintain the autonomic nervous system in a state of persistent activity which may cause damage to the most vulnerable organs.

Psychosomatic disorder may occur in the gastrointestinal system (gastritis, ulcerative colitis, peptic ulcer), in the cardiovascular system (tachycardia, arrhythmias, ischemic heart disease, essential hypertension), the respiratory system (bronchial asthma, iperventilatoria syndrome), in the urogenital system (menstrual pain, impotence, premature ejaculation or anorgasmia, enuresis), in the cutaneous system (psoriasis, acne, atopic dermatitis, pruritus, urticaria, dry skin and mucous membranes, profuse sweating) , in the musculoskeletal system (headache tension, muscle cramps, torticollis, myalgia, arthritis, back pain, neck) and nutrition.

Psychosomatic symptoms are common in various forms of depression and in almost all anxiety disorders. But there are some psychosomatic disorders in the absence of other symptoms of a psychological nature, which makes it more difficult for the subject. Those are attributed to the physical discomfort, a psychological problem rather than an organic malfunction.

The most common psychosomatic disorders are (click for more):

  • hypochondria
  • Somatization disorder

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